Notes: These fantastic old manuscript pages are from a 2010 (?) exhibit at the Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalem. According to the Jewish Magazine (2010), "Jews [in the ancient and medieval worlds] were reputed to possess much knowledge about magic: amulets and spells to heal from sickness or harm one’s enemies, mystical incantations to ascend to heaven or bring angels down to earth, and information about the beneficent angels who assisted humans in their fight against the demons of illness and madness. Jewish magic has been part of folk Jewish knowledge and elite rabbinic practice through the years."
Jewish magical papyri and inscriptions have been discovered which date back to the Second Temple Period. The Bible forbids the practice of magic, but at the same time "the text of the Bible could be used as a source book for potent curses," according to Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World (p.185). For example, "the Jewish gravestones from Acmonia ... invoke 'the curses in Deuteronomy' upon anyone who should violate the burial site."